Ramadan began yesterday. …
And I realized that except for my years in Kazakhstan where one colleague observed the month-long fast, I don’t know much about this holiday celebrated the world over by 1.6 billion Muslims (7 million of them here in the US).
Yes. For most of us non-Muslims, Ramadan means simply, “that fasting month.” I was curious what else it meant. What does it symbolize? When did it start? What actually does one do during Ramadan?
Fasting is a part of all major religions of the world.
Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Muslims, and Jews, adherents of all the world’s religions actually, include fasting to some extent. Here’s a handy chart I found on the internet (beliefnet.com/Faiths) that presents the many religions with When and Why they fast. I urge you to take a look. The chart was a bit too challenging for me to get entered into this post.
But we are looking specifically at Ramadan, the month-long Muslim fast that commemorates the month in which it is believed Allah first revealed the Quran to Mohammed .
The fact that it happened during the 9th lunar month means that each year, Ramadan begins 11 days earlier than the year before.
It takes 33 years for the holiday to cycle through the Julian (solar) calendar, which is 11 days longer.
And this year, Ramadan falls over the summer solstice — the longest days of the year.
That’s the why and the when. As I researched the what and the how, I discovered one fact that jumped out at me: non-Muslims are free to participate in Ramadan.
Nikhil Bumb gave a compelling argument in support of fasting in the Huffington Post a few years ago, “Why Even the Non-Religious Should Try Religious Fasting,” and I was intrigued. There seems to be valuable health benefits to fasting. I offer the link because it’s such a well-written article. She is a Jain and writes from their fasting perspective.
Certainly while I was in Kazakhstan, I attended many a Muslim iftar (evening meal, served after sundown). They were generous affairs, always well attended. Still, they seemed no different than any of numerous feasts I would attend while there. Lots of food, good company, laughter, toasts.
I don’t think I came away with any more understanding of what it means to celebrate Ramadan.
So, still I asked, “What is Ramadan? And how might I observe it?”
Why not fast?
I’m a kinetic learner. Experience counts big time for me. I use all my senses in gathering data, not just hearing it or seeing it. Doing it; that’s how I learn best.
Mahatma Gandhi, a Hindu and probably the world’s most famous faster, has quite a few great quotes on the benefits of fasting. His attitude seemed more symbolically spiritual than physical. That didn’t bother me.
As I read more, I discovered the spiritual benefits attributed to the act of fasting, in general, centered on the notions of purification, penance, humility, and community building.
Purification is big in Islam. Not only cleansing the body of toxins (a physical benefit), purification involves “stripping away the outer layers of the self until you get to a more simple and pure state. By removing some of the draws of the physical world, one can return to a more focused, spiritual life.”
I’m in that camp that holds we are all spiritual beings in our core, here on earth having a human experience. I’m comfortable with the focus of my spiritual life; but OK. I’m game for a more focused, spiritual life.
The penance aspect of fasting is a contribution from the Christian religions and held no particular appeal. I was raised Christian, some of its values are still deeply embedded in me. But doing penance by fasting was not helping motivate me. Still, three out of the four would be enough.
I’m a big fan of humility. “Fasting helps remind us of the hardships faced by the less fortunate and can encourage us to better appreciate what we have, including regular access to food,” wrote an article in the Huffington Post with no byline. “Many Muslims go beyond the physical ritual of fasting and attempt to purge themselves of impure thoughts and motivations such as anger, cursing, and greed.” Who can’t use a bit more humility in their lives?
Perhaps that is why charity is a large part of the Ramadan observance. During this month, various Muslim communities work together to raise money for the poor, donate clothes and food, and hold evening meals for those less fortunate. The fast emphasizes self-sacrifice and using the experience of hunger to grow in empathy with the hungry.” That too sounds enlightening.
Which brings me to the final non-physical benefit of fasting: community building. Those who fast are united in a practice that sets them apart from non-fasters.
I love community. I love feeling connected to a new group. Those of you who have met me may acknowledge that. So, I wondered, why not? Why not participate in the Ramadan fast. Why not abstain from eating or drinking from sunrise to sunset for the next month? (This year, Ramadan is officially over on July 5.)
I’ve been taking notes since 4:30 Tuesday morning when my alarm went off so I’d be sure to have time for breakfast before the official sunrise.
Drop in next week to find out how Week One went.
For further information on the Islamic practice of Ramadan, here is a link I found.
Too bad I didn’t find this one a week or so ago. I would have been a bit better prepared.
How about you? Have you ever fasted? Why or why not?